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Joseph 
Fowke
1716 - 1800


Joseph 
Fowke
, sent to England to be educated (from Dr Samuel Johnson, "My Revered Preceptor" [Notes and Queries 6 Series Vol. X p.421) mentions Dr Johnson as a candidate for the post of assistant in Mr Budworth's school at Brewood and it seems probable that Joseph was committed to the care of his family the Fowkes of Brewood and came under his tuition there] of Mayfair, London, & Bexley, Kent, in East India Company's Service by 1736. He returned to England ca 1758 and was pressed by the committee of the East India directors to accept the government of either Bengal or Madras. This offer was made before the cession to the Englsih of the provinces of Bahar and Brissa [sic] and was by no means as advantageous as it might be thought. he also stipulated that his remuneration should be in the form of a fixed salary adequate to his position and that he should not be driven for its support to extortions practiced upon the "natives". The committee did not agree this, although this proposal was susequently adopted, so Joseph declined the offer and remained in England. Sometime Governor of Bengal and/or Fort St. George (Madras), India, which post he resigned, survived " Black Hole of Calcutta" (1758) to return to London "with £18,000 but, having suffered trading and gambling losses," after the death of his wife, returned 1771 to India " to repair his fortunes",. He appears to have returned from India by 1778 as he is described as of Bexley [Betham]s Baronetage vol V p 582] He must have returned again to India as it is mentioned he finally quitted it in 1788. Subsequently, at the instigation of his son against Warren Hastings, who was impeached in 1787 and cleared of the charges in 1795, etc. He was an intimate friend of Samuel Johnson (sometime assistant at dr Budworth's school at Brewood and Tutor at Brewood, a Fowke family property). When he retunred to England in 1788 he came with a recommendation from Lord Cornwallis to the Court of Directors as entitled to the pension they offered under their general letter dated 21 September 1785, which directed that "such senior merchants, whose fortune was not equal to £10,000 should receive as much as annually as with the interest of his own money, should make up an income of £400 per year.. This recommendation together with a petition was presented to the Directors but were rejected with the answer the court did not consider him as coming under the description of persons entitled by their orders to receive pensions and that therefore his request could not be complied with. Some time after, the claim was discussed in the House of Commons when Mr Burke (cf Gentleman's Magazine Vol LXI, Part 1, p.542] called the attention of the house to teh petition he held in his hand from Mr Joseph fowke an old and respectable servant of the East india Company who after spending 56 years in their service had returned to this country a poor man. He had taken oaths of poverty and had made application to the Court of Directors for his pension but they had declared he did not come under their regulations - after explanation of sometime on the hardships of his case, Mr Burke moved that the petition be refrred to a committee of the whole house. Alderman Le Mesurier spoke a few words in a general defence of the Court of Directors and the danger of encouraging such interference of Parliamnt. the petitioner, he said, was by no means so much in distress as his petition set forth, for rthat his son, who was very rich, had made him a very liberal allowance. What the ! hastily replied Mr Burke, if a man has the good fortune to have an affectionate brorther ort a son attentive to the duties of filial piety, are the Company therefore absolved from their engagements? He comntended moreover that Mr Fowke was really a poor man and he had actually known him living in a small village on an annuity of £481 - Such was the reward which the Company had conferred on the petitioner for 56 years of faithful service! they told him - "The world was all before him where to choose his place of rest and providence his guide" Mr Burke's motion was then put and the following resolutions were passed in Mr Fowke's favour.Resolved. That it appears to this House that the said Joseph Fowke is entitled to the pension or allowance engaged to be paid by the east India Company to their servants under certain descriptions and under certain conditions, expressed in their letter from the Court of Directors of teh 21st September 1785 to the Governor General and Council of Bengal from the time in which by the said letter were to receive the same". The truth as to Joseph's means is that, by many years of trading in diamonds in India, he had piled up an enormous fortune, but being an invertate gambler he had lost the whole of it. This case, wuith teh names suppressed can be found in Cookes edition of Boswell's Life of Dr Johnson. Francis, Joseph's son, offered him a most handsome allowance if he would agree to play no more. His answer was that he would undertake never to play in excess of his ability to pay; but that no consideration on earth would cause him to cease to gamble. he was living in London from 10th June 1791 to 11th June 1792. From 11 Sept. 1797 to 20th nov 1797 he was at Malmesbury. Captain Edward Arlond, a stockholder in the East India Company, had a daughter Sarah, who in 1738, clandestinely married John Stanley who was long term employed by the Fowkes. Arlond took a house in 1751 in Hatton Garden, close to Queen Square, which is where the Clives settled after their return from India in 1753. (ref. Music of the raj, by Ian Woodfield, p. 130. Living in London 10 Jun 1791 to Jun 1792 and from 11 Sep 1797 to 20 Nov 1797, he was in Malmesbury. see Betham's Baronetage vol. 5 p.582 Marriage: N/2 Vol. 1 Folio 505 Letters of Samuel Johnson, LL.D. by Samuel Johnson. Ed. George Birbeck Hill, D.C.L. Vol. II: Jan. 15, 1777- Dec. 18, 1784. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1892. 2 vols. To Joseph Fowke. Nuncomar. Shocks to his health. Applies better to books. Mrs. Williams Fowke, Joseph. The trial of Joseph Fowke, Francis Fowke, Maha Rajah Nundocomar, and Roy Rada Churn, for a conspiracy against Warren Hastings, esq., and that of Joseph Fowke, Maha Rajah Nundocomar, and Roy Rada Churn, for a conspiracy against Richard Barwell, esq. London, T. Cadell, 1776. [4], 19, 32, 34, [2], 31 p. 28 cm. In 1775 he was tried on two indictments, found innocent of plotting against Warren Hastings and guilty of plotting against Richard Barwell. Was he in Lisbon in 1755? "Fowke, Joseph, (Male) Address(es): Lisbon Date: 1752 Occupation(s): merchant, commerce(s) Subscribed to Discourses on all the principal branches of Natural Religion and Social Virtue. (Offices of Devotion, suited to the principal subjects treated upon in the foregoing Discourses) (Vol. 2), 1752, FOSTER, James. London, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Dublin Subject: religion " Maybe the following referred to him: "Fowke, Joseph" AND "Fowke, Joseph (Male) Address(es): Red-lion-street, Holborn, London Date: 1763 Occupation(s): merchant, commerce(s) Listed in Kent's Directory for the Year 1763. 30th edn., 1763, KENT, Henry. London Printed and sold by Henry Kent at the Printing office in Finch Lane " AND Fowke Joseph (Male) Title(s): Esq. Date: 1756 Subscribed to The History of Italy, Written in Italian by Francesco Guicciardini, A Nobleman of Florence. In Twenty Books. Translated into English by the Chevalier Austin Parke Goddard, Knight of the Military Order of St. Stephen (Vol. 9 & 10), 1756, GODDARD, Austin Parke. London Subject: history The British Library hold his papers: Mss Eur K20-44 FOWKE (Joseph ) Fowke Collection: correspondence of Joseph Fowke (1716-1800), East India Company servant, Madras 1736-52, free merchant trading in diamonds 1771-81, senior merchant with Company 1781-87; of his son Francis (1754-1820), Resident at Benares 1775-76, 1780-81, 1783-86; of his daughter Margaret (1758- 1836); and of other members of the Fowke, Benn and Walsh families. 25 volumes 1771 - 1849 Also: Mss Eur D546 Correspondence of the Fowke, Benn, Walsh and Maskelyne families 1 Letters to John Walsh, Sarah and Jane Maskelyne, Captain Richard Willians and Miss Bickey from Joseph Walsh, Elizabeth Walsh [nee Maskelyne] and Alice Kelsal [nee Maskelyne] 1717-35 2 Letters to her maternal aunts, Jane and Sarah Maskelyne, from Elizabeth Fowke [nee Walsh] and one letter from her husband Joseph Fowke c1739 3 Letters to Jack Walsh, John Walsh Senior and John Walsh Junior from S[arah Mathisson [nee Walsh, letter Percival] 1754-64 4 Letters to John Walsh from Joseph Fowke 1751-60 5 Letters to John Walsh from Robert, Lord Clive 1759-67 6 Letters to Robert, Lord Clive from Joseph Fowke; and letter of introduction from Lord Clive 1770-71 7 Letters to Robert, Lord Clive from Joseph Fowke 1770-71 8 Letters to John Walsh from Margaret, Lady Clive and [Sir] Henry Strachey 1770 9 Letters to John Walsh from Margaret Lady Clive and copies of letters exchanged by Edward, Lord Clive and John Walsh 1777-92 10 Letters to John Walsh from Margaret, Francis and Joseph Fowke, John Holland Benjamin Lacarn, Philip Francis and Edward Wheeler in India 1776-80 11 Letters to John Walsh from Margaret Fowke in India 1780-84 12 Letters to John Walsh from Joseph Fowke in India 1780-86 13 Letters to John Walsh from Francis Fowke in India 1780-86 14 Letters to John Walsh from Margaret Fowke in India, mainly duplicates and triplicates 1776-80 15 Letters to John Walsh from Francis Fowke in India, mainly duplicates and triplicates 1777-79 16 Letters to John Walsh from John Holland J. Stables and Edward Wheeler in India 1780-83 17 Proceedings of the Governor General and Council at Bengal relating to Fowke 1774 18 Papers relating to the Association Company erected at Madras 20 Dec 1770 1770-76 19 Account of Mr Joseph Fowke's Concerns in England, 29 Dec 1779 1779 20 Draft letter from John Walsh to the Court of Directors of the United East India Company concerning Joseph Fowke's re-employment - 21 Letters to John Walsh from Francis and Margaret Fowke, John Holland, Mrs Wheelock, Lord Brundenell, Thomas Morton, R. Owen Mr Johnson, Warren Hastings, Mr Sulivan, J. Scott and William Devaynes. The copy of a letter from John Walsh to Warren Hastings. 1786; 1775 22 Letters to John Walsh from Margaret Fowke [later Benn], John Benn, Joseph Fowke, Jane Wheelock and Ann Barband. 1787-94 23 Letters exchanged between [Sir] John Benn [Walsh] and his uncle, Dr Brownrigg 1775-84 24 Letters to Margaret Fowke in India from Francis Fowke, J.P. Wade, J. and A. Vanzandt, and R. Polt in India 1786 25 Letters to Margaret Benn [nee Fowke and later Walsh] from Warron Hastings, Joseph Fowke, Francis Fowke and Sophia Bellew. 1785-1802 26 Letters to Margaret Benn [nee Fowke, later Walsh] from her brother Francis Fowke 1785-99 27 Letters to Margaret Walsh [formerly Benn, nee Fowke] from her brother Francis Fowke 1800-06 28 Letters to Margaret Walsh [formerly Benn, nee Fowke] from her brother Francis Fowke 1807-11 29 Letters to Lady [Matgaret] Walsh [formerly Benn nee Fowke] from her brother Francis Fowke 1812-19 1812-19 30 Miscellaneous letters to Margaret, Joseph and Francis Fowke 1775-1804 31 Letters to Francis Fowke from Margaret Benn [nee Fowke], John Benn, Joseph Fowke, Francis Fowke, John Walsh, William Holland Robert Chambers, W. Jones, John Peter Wade, John Guy, A. Hallam, George Butler, J. Dent, Paater Cockerill De Little & Co., and Robert Frank and William Gosling 1787-88 32 Letters to John Walsh from Margaret and John Benn, Joseph and Edward Fowke, John Holland, Margaret Lady Clive, Edward Lord Clive, Mary Powys, Charlotte Clive, M. Humphries, Henry Strachey, Mrs Strachey, Thomas Kelsall, Jane Wheelock, Philip Francis, Major John Scott, Benjamin and K. Lacarn, General R. Smith, the Bishop of York, Ch. D'Oyly, Edward Crisp, Edward Cotsford, Robert and Francis Gosling, William Harris, Mr Hodges, George Thush, Edward Ives, Harriet Kilpatrick, P. Michell, Thomas Morton, Thomas Pattle and John White and copies of letters from John Walsh to Robert, Lord Clive and Warren Hastings 1782-89; 1765; 1775 33 Letters to John Walsh from Margaret and John Benn and Joseph Fowke; and a letter from John Walsh to John Benn. See Rebecca Warner's Original Letters, p.202. Is there another Joseph Fowke with a brother? Full title: Mr. Fowkes, writer in the East India Company. Petition Issuing Body/Bodies: House of Commons.Committee to Whom the Petition of Joseph Fowkes Was Referred Abstract: Resolved that Mr. Fowkes is entitled to a pension. Committee examined sundry documents from the East India House and the late Chairman of the East India Company and also Joseph Fowkes. Joseph Fowke's father served the Company in several stations in the Presidency of the settlement of Madras during a period of fifty years. Joseph Fowkes was born in the Settlement and under the company's protection. He was appointed a writer in the company's service at Fort Saint George on the 14th day of January 1735 Series: Journals of the House of Commons (1803 reprint) Date published: 1791/06/06/ Volume number: 46 Start Page: 691 Total Pages: 6 End Page: 696 Ford List Volume: 1688-1800 Ford List Page number: 62 Full-text URL: Not available Edited by: British Library of Political and Economic Science BOPCRIS Keywords: Trade - External and Colonial Trade - East India Company Library of Congress Subject Heading(s): East India Company (Great Britain) - Officials and employees East India Company (Great Britain) - Administration East India Company (Great Britain) - History - 18th century URL of this record: http://www.bopcris.ac.uk/bop1688/ref1192.htmlp T. H. Bowyer, `Fowke, Joseph (1716-1800)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/63560, accessed 23 Sept 2005] In 1787 some of his musical instruments were advertised for sale in the Calcutta Press: Auctioneer - Burrell and gould: A Remarkable Toned harpsichord, Maker Kirkman, A very fine Violincello, one a Stradivaries Handel's songs in 5 vols, with all the accompanyments, in six parts. ---------------- Related to:?? http://indiafamily.bl.uk/UI/FullDisplay.aspx?RecordId=014-000097802 Name: Daniel FOWKE Event type: Death Date: 30 Oct Year: 1761 Location: St Helena Age: Status: Marshal Will administration: Notes: Transcribed by: British Library India Office Records Reference: G/32/21 f.260v Source name: Source year: Source edition: Presidency: ----------- http://indiafamily.bl.uk/UI/FullDisplay.aspx?RecordId=014-000135949 Name: Lucy HOWE Event type: Baptism Date: 19 Apr Year: 1751 Location: Fort St David Parents: Creolian slave, property of Joseph & Elizabeth FOWKE Notes: Transcribed by: British Library India Office Records Reference: N/2/1 f.251 Source name: Source year: Source edition: Presidency: Madrasc ------------------ See Rebecca Warner's Original Letters p.202. ----------------- Name: Lucy HOWE Event type: Baptism Date: 19 Apr Year: 1751 Location: Fort St David Parents: Creolian slave, property of Joseph & Elizabeth FOWKE Notes: Transcribed by: British Library India Office Records Reference: N/2/1 f.251 Source name: Source year: Source edition: Presidency: Madras ------------------------- http://oudl.osmania.ac.in/bitstream/handle/OUDL/14195/218306_Calender_ Of_The_Madras_Despatches_1744-1755.pdf?sequence=2 Madras Despatches - 1744-5- Calendar p. 11 ... appointed...Joseph Fowke Undersearcher;... p. 27 Joseph Fowke elected Mayor ... p.102 A. Council of five is to be appointed to manage affairs at madras, with Richard Prince as Chief and Joseph Fowke as Second:... 1751 p.143 Joseph Fowke has resigned and takes passage on the Dragon. --------------------------- "...of Directors for Affairs of the East India Company The Humble Petition of Joseph Fowke Sheweth That the affairs of your petitioner require his presence at Fort St George the place of his nativity, he requests the favour of being suffer'd to return thither under the character of a Free Merchant. Your petitioner entertains some hopes of such indulgence from the consideratin of his having spent sixteen years of the early part of his life in your service with industry and fidelity, and for which Your petitioner, as in duty bound, shall ever pray Joseph Fowke Princes Street 9(?) Sepr. 1770. -------------------------------

Born: Fort St George, , Madras, India 22nd Oct 1716 Baptised: Fort St George, , Madras, India1 23rd Oct 1716
Died: Bath, Somerset, England 16th May 1800 Buried:
Family:
Fowke
  formerly of Brewood

Ancestors
[ Patrilineage | Matrilineage | Earliest Ancestors | Force | Force2 | Options ]

1.
Joseph 
Fowke
(
Crofts
,
?
,
Walsh
,
Treacher
) 1716 - 1800
2.
Randall 
Fowke
(
?
,
May
) 1673 - 1745
4.
Dr. Edward 
Fowke
(
Randall
) 1623 - c. 1689
5.
Sophia 
Randall
(
Fowke
) + post 1673
3.
Anne/Anna 
May
(
Fowke
) 1684 - 1734
6.
M/? 
May
(
?
) + post 1684
7.
F/? 
?
  of Portugal
(
May
) + post 1684

Siblings


1.
Edward 
Fowke
(
Hollond
) c. 1714 - 1789
2.
Thomas 
Fowke
1715 - 1717
3.
Frances 
Fowke
(
Sanderson
) 1717 - 1740
4.
Francis 
Fowke
c. 1718 - 1721
5.
Anne 
Fowke
1719 - 1719
6.
Francis (Frank) 
Fowke
1720 - post 1800
7.
Sophia 
Fowke
(
Hollond
,
Duncan
) ante 1723 - 1760
8.
Mary 
Fowke
(
Hollond
) c. 1723 - post 1740
9.
Mary Flora 
Fowke
1737 - ante 1745

Spouses



1. [no known marriage]
Grace 
Crofts
(
Fowke
) + post 1768

2. [no known marriage]
3. Fort St George, , Madras, India 7th May 1750
Elizabeth (Eliza) 
Walsh
(
Fowke
) 1731 - ante 1769
4. St. George's, Hanover Square, , , , England licence 1st Sep 1770

Descendants
[ Options ]

a.
1.
Hannah 
Fowke
* 1748
2.
Joseph (Joe) 
Fowke
1749 - post 1755
3.
William (Billy) Gershom 
Fowke
1751 - post 1755
4.
Harry 
Fowke
1752 - post 1755
5.
Anne 
Fowke
1753 - post 1755
b. ?
6.
Samuel (Sam) 
Fowke
+ post 1755
c.
Elizabeth (Eliza) 
Walsh
(
Fowke
) 1731 - ante 1769
7.
Francis 
Fowke
(
Lowe
,
Lowe
) 1755 - 1819
7a. ?
7.1.
William 
Fowke
1781 - 1795
7b.
Mary 
Lowe
(
Fowke
,
Fowke
) 1769 - 1847
7.2.
Francis 
Fowke
(
Phillips
) 1789 - 1826 ...
7.3.
Henry 
Fowke
1790 - 1793
7c. ?
7.4.
Philip 
Fowke
liv. 1792
7.5.
Jane 
Fowke
(
Roberts
) ante 1792 - post 1826
7d.
Mary 
Lowe
(
Fowke
,
Fowke
) 1769 - 1847
7.6.
Mary 
Fowke
(
Watts
,
Williams
) 1792 - 1852 ...
7.7.
Capt. John 
Fowke
(
Ferguson
,
Heany
,
Borthwick
) 1794 - 1851 ...
7.8.
Lt. Richard 
Fowke
(
Phillipps
) 1795 - c. 1855
7.9.
Henrietta 
Fowke
1796 - 1864
7.10.
Robert 
Fowke
* 1798
7.11.
Sunderland (Sun) Clay 
Fowke
(
Price
) 1798 - 1873 ...
7.12.
Edward 
Fowke
(
Nott
,
Prosser
) 1800 - 1872 ...
7.13.
Robert 
Fowke
(
Games
) 1801 - 1865 ...
7.14.
Philip 
Fowke
(
Probert
,
Baker
) 1802 - 1852 ...
7.15.
Emmeline (Emily) 
Fowke
1804 - 1807
7.16.
Charles 
Fowke
(
Prosser
) 1805 - 1882 ...
7.17.
Dr. Frederic 
Fowke
(
Gunter
) 1807 - 1863 ...
7.18.
Eliza 
Fowke
(
Games
) 1809 - 1849 ...
7.19.
Elisabeth 
Fowke
(
Bell
) 1809 - 1882 ...
8.
Arthur 
Fowke
1756 - 1775
9.
Margaret (Mag/Peggy/Tippey) Elizabeth 
Fowke
(
Walsh
) 1758 - 1836
9a.
Sir John 
Walsh
  formerly Benn
(
Fowke
) 1759 - 1825
9.1.
U/? 
Walsh
1788 - 1788
9.2.
U/? 
Walsh
1791 - 1791
9.3.
U/? 
Walsh
1793 - 1793
9.4.
Elisabeth 
Walsh
  formerly Benn
(
Digby
) 1795 - 1855 ...
9.5.
Sir John 
Walsh
(
Grey
) 1798 - 1881 ...
d.
Grace 
Crofts
(
Fowke
) + post 1768
10.
Elisabeth (Betty) 
Fowke
* 1768
e.
11.
Sophia 
Fowke
(
Bellew
) 1769 - post 1805
11a.
Robert 
Bellew
(
Fowke
) + post 1805
11.1.
Frances 
Bellew
1793 - 1806
11.2.
Patrick Edward 
Bellew
1794 - 1812
11.3.
Louisa 
Bellew
(
Graves
) 1797 - ante 1827 ...
11.4.
Capt. Francis John 
Bellew
(
Temple
,
Shout
) 1799 - 1868 ...
11.5.
Christopher Robert 
Bellew
1800 - 1826
11.6.
Maj. Henry Walter 
Bellew
(
Jeremie
) 1802 - 1842 ...
11.7.
Sarah Margaret Elizabeth 
Bellew
* 1805
12.
Louisa (Lou) 
Fowke
1770 - 1784
f. ?
13.
F/? 
Fowke
liv. 1771
g.
14.
William 
Fowke
* 1771
Sources

Timeline


22nd Oct 1716Born Fort St George, Madras, India
23rd Oct 1716Baptised Fort St George, Madras, India
7th May 1750Married
Elizabeth (Eliza) 
Walsh
(
Fowke
) 1731 - ante 1769 Fort St George, Madras, India
13th Sep 1760Executor of the will of
Sophia 
Fowke
(
Hollond
,
Duncan
) ante 1723 - 1760 (will) Calcutta, India
1st Sep 1770Married England
1797Made a will (will)
16th May 1800Died Bath, Somerset, England
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