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Herbert Henry 
Asquith
1852 - 1928


Herbert Henry 
Asquith
, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1908-16). After his father's death in 1860, his grandfather and later an uncle undertook responsibility for the children's education and the boy went to school in Huddersfield, then Fulneck, near Pudsey, later still in London where he and his brother attended the City of London School. He was a brilliant pupil and when he was 17 Asquith won a classical scholarship to Balliol College, Oxford, where he gained Firsts in Mods and Greats, being elected a Fellow of the college in 1874. He entered legal chambers at Lincoln's Inn as a pupil and also wrote articles and lectured. He devoted his spare time to politics and, having become established at the Bar, he entered Parliament as MP for East Fife in 1886, a seat he was to hold for 32 years. His rise was fairly meteoric and he became Home Secretary under Gladstone in 1892 at only 39, Chancellor of the Exchequer under Campbell-Bannerman in 1906 and Prime Minister in 1908. He held office for nine years, the longest period of any prime minister since Lord Liverpool resigned in 1827. Asquith was an outstanding public speaker, brief, pointed and trenchant, though not as charismatic as Lloyd George. He had the typical Yorkshireman's scorn of the pretentious. Forward-thinking, as Chancellor of the Exchequer Asquith was responsible for laying the foundations of old age pensions. However, he opposed giving the vote to women and was partly responsible for prolonging the struggles of the suffragettes. Asquith had become Premier of a Coalition Government which included Lloyd George and, despite his personal loss, Asquith was blamed for the conduct of the war. He fell out with his Liberal colleagues and resigned at the end of 1916 and Lloyd George took his place. Asquith even lost his Parliamentary seat in 1918 but won a by-election at Paisley in 1920. He was defeated again in 1924, having been in Parliament for 38 years. He was offered a peerage by George V and took his seat in the Lords as Earl of Oxford and Asquith. He retained the formal leadership of the Liberal Party throughout this time until formally handing over to Lloyd George in 1926. He wrote many publications, including an autobiography, Memories and Reflections, published posthumously in 1928. Encyclopaedia Britannica

Born: Morley, Yorkshire, , 12th Sep 1852 Baptised:
Died: Sutton Courtenay, , Oxon, England 15th Feb 1928 Buried: Sutton Courtenay, , Oxon, England 1928
Family:
Asquith

Titles:

Ancestors
[ Patrilineage | Matrilineage | Earliest Ancestors | Force | Force2 | Options ]

1.
Herbert Henry 
Asquith
(
Melland
,
Tennant
) 1852 - 1928
2.
Joseph Dixon 
Asquith
(
Williams
) 1825 - 1860
4.
Joseph 
Asquith
(
Dixon
) 1778 - 1855
5.
Esther 
Dixon
(
Asquith
) 1798 - 1856
3.  
 

Siblings


1.
William W. 
Asquith
1851 - post 1871
2.
Emily E. 
Asquith
1856 - post 1871
3.
Lilian J. 
Asquith
1860 - post 1861

Spouses



1. 23rd Aug 1877
Helen Kelsall 
Melland
(
Asquith
) c. 1856 - 1890
2. May 1894
Emma Alice Margaret (Margot) 
Tennant
(
Asquith
) 1864 - 1945

Descendants
[ Options ]

a.
Helen Kelsall 
Melland
(
Asquith
) c. 1856 - 1890
1.
M/? 
Asquith
* post 1878
2.
M/? 
Asquith
* post 1878
3.
Raymond 
Asquith
(
Horner
) 1878 - 1916
3a.
Katherine Frances 
Horner
(
Asquith
) 1885 - 1976
3.1.
Helen Frances 
Asquith
* 1908
3.2.
hidden
...
3.3.
hidden
...
4.
Herbert 
Asquith
(
Charteris
) 1881 - 1947
4a.
4.1.
Simon Roland Anthony 
Asquith
(
Jones
) 1919 - 1973
5.
hidden
5a.
hidden
5.1.
hidden
...
5.2.
hidden
5.3.
hidden
...
b.
Emma Alice Margaret (Margot) 
Tennant
(
Asquith
) 1864 - 1945
6.
Elizabeth 
Asquith
1897 - 1945
7.
Sir Anthony 
Asquith
1902 - 1968
Sources

Census

Timeline


12th Sep 1852Born Morley, Yorkshire
1861Son in 1861 census (census) Huddersfield, Yorkshire, England
1871Son in 1871 census (census) Hastings, Sussex, England
23rd Aug 1877Married
Helen Kelsall 
Melland
(
Asquith
) c. 1856 - 1890
May 1894Married
Emma Alice Margaret (Margot) 
Tennant
(
Asquith
) 1864 - 1945
1925
Herbert Henry 
Asquith
(
Melland
,
Tennant
) 1852 - 1928 inherited the title
Oxford and Asquith
  [E]
15th Feb 1928Died Sutton Courtenay, Oxon, England
1928Buried Sutton Courtenay, Oxon, England
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