< A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z >
Sir Josiah 
Child
1631 - 1699


Sir Josiah 
Child
, of Wanstead, Essex (purch. 1667 or 73), Chairman & Governor of the Hon. East India Co. (1681-83 & 1686-88), etc. Well known writer on trade. He wrote "Tracts on Trade". "He considered that a high rate of interest hindered the growth of trade, encouraged idleness & luxury, discouraged navigation, industry, arts and invention ... that wherever the wages are high - universally throughout the world - it is an infallible evidence of the riches of that country; and wherever wages for labour is poor, it is proof of the poverty of that place". A Portrait of him is at Woburn. "Foster - Marriage Licences: Child Josia, of St. Botolph, Billingsgate, London, widower, 32, and Mary Attwood alias Stone, of St. Margaret, Lothbury, widow, 20 - at St. James, Duke's Place, St. bartholemew the Less, London, or St. Mary, Islington, Middlesex. 14 Jul 1663" "Foster - Marriage Licences: Child Josia. of wansted, Essex, widower, and Emma Willoughby, of Midleton Hall, co. Warwick, widow - at Midleton, co. warwick, or any other church or chapel in cos. warwick or Stafford. 8 Aug. 1676" "Biographical Dictionary, 1861": "CHILD, Sir Josiah, an eminent London merchant and writer on political economy, was the second son of Richard Child, merchant, and was born in 1630. He was one of the directors, and for some time chairman, of the East India Company. He is believed to be the author of a tract published anonymously in defence of the trade to the East Indies, and entitled "A Treatise wherein it is demonstrated that the East India Trade is the most national of all Trades," 4to, London, 1681. His principal publication, however, is entitled "Brief Observations concerning Trade, and the Interest of Money." by J.C., 4to, London, 1688, which has passed through several editions, and was reprinted in Glasgow in 1751, under the title of "A New Discourse of Trade". In spite of a fundamental mistake concerning the interest of money, the work embodies many sound and valuable sentiments happily expressed, and shows that the author was in advance of his day. One of the chapters contains an account of a plan for the relief of the poor, which has attracted a good deal of attention. Sir Josiah was created a baronet in 1678, and died in 1699. He was very wealthy, and his children intermarried with some of the highest nobility." Did a son become Lord Castlemaine? Wansted "Wanstead House and the surrounding grounds The estate has been enclosed for many hundred years. In the time of Henry VIII it belonged to Sir Giles Heron, son-in-law to Sir Thomas Moore ; when the latter fell under Royal disfavour the property was seized by the King and Wanstead remained a Royal manor for a number of years, passing into the temporary possession of one royal favourite after another. In 1667 the manor was purchased by Sir Josiah Child, Governor of the East India Company. He spent much time and money in developing the estate in the elaborate fashion of the time. When John Evelyn, the distinguished author of "Sylva", visited Wanstead in March, 1683 he wrote: "I went to see Sir Josiah Child's prodigious cost in planting walnut trees about his seate, and making fish ponds many miles in circuit in Epping Forest, in a barren place." The ponds that are mentioned, although somewhat altered, are those we have at the present day - a chain of ponds descending from The Shoulder of Mutton Pond, through Heronry Pond, Perch Pond, the Dell and into the Ornamental Waters. In 1715, Sir Richard Child, son of Sir Josiah, commisioned Colen Cambell to design a grand mansion to replace the older one on the estate. This building was designed to rival such palaces as Bleinham and, with the grounds laid out by Sir Josiah, Versaille. When built it covered an area of two hundred and sixty feet by seventy feet. The main front had a portico with six Corinthian columns. The extensive fruit and vegetable gardens lying to the south-east of where the Great House stood have all gone, these parts of the estate grounds are now the links of the Wanstead Golf Club. Two Walnut trees, the larger 40 feet high and 7 feet 6 inches in girth, standing on the east side of the Shoulder of Mutton Pond, are probably descendants of those planted by Sir Josiah Child, but they finally died in the 1980's. The thickets of Rhododendron mark the time when that part of the Park was laid out as "a shrubbery," traversed by the winding paths shown in Rocque's map. Although much of the old formality has gone it is probable that the grounds with their tall Oaks, Ashes and Horse-chestnuts are as beautiful now as they have ever been. On the Ornamental Waters, eight small islands to the south-east of Lincoln Island are known as "The Fortifications". They are grouped around a central island on which duck-shooting guns were stored. The bridges by which they were once connected are no longer there; they are somewhat over-grown and make a sanctuary for water-birds. Herons once nested on the trees of Lincoln Island. Though these birds are still a common sight, they steadily decreased in number when the Walthamstow Reservoirs became more attractive to the birds. In the spring sheets of Blue-bells clothe the ground beneath the trees. On the water surrounding the islands are beds of yellow and white water-lilies, and on the banks grow Skull-cap and Forget-me-not, with their sky-blue flowers, and interesting sedges and grasses. When the Park was opened to the public in 1882 part of the enclosed space surrounding the old Grotto was white in early spring with Snowdrops. " In 1696, when he made his will, he had 6 children still living, 3 boys and 3 girls. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=13806#s2 House of Lords Journal Volume 16 26 March 1700 Sponsor: History of Parliament Trust Publication: Journal of the House of Lords: volume 16 Sir J. Child's Bill. The Lord Viscount Longueville reported from the Lords Committees, the Bill, intituled, "An Act for vesting certain Lands and Tenements of Sir Josiah Child Baronet, deceased, in Trustees, for the better Performance of certain Covenants entered into by the said Sir Josiah Child upon the Marriage of his Eldest Son with the Daughter of Sir Thomas Cooke Knight," as fit to pass, without any Amendment. Hodie 3a vice lecta est Billa, intituled, "An Act for vesting certain Lands and Tenements of Sir Josiah Child Baronet, deceased, in Trustees, for the better Performance of certain Covenants entered into by the said Sir Josiah Child upon the Marriage of his Eldest Son with the Daughter of Sir Thomas Cooke Knight." The Question was put, "Whether this Bill shall pass?" It was Resolved in the Affirmative. ORDERED, That the Commons have Notice, the Lords have agreed to the said Bill, without any Amendment. ---------- The English Poor in the Eighteenth Century: A Study in Social and Administrative History Book by Dorothy Marshall; G. Routledge & Sons, Ltd., 1926 Subjects: Great Britain--Social Conditions, Poor Laws--Great Britain, Poor--Great Britain--History ...vagrancy. Sir Joshua Child held that "the children of the Poor are bred up in...provide for the poor." 41 Other scattered...with this dictum. Child, soon after the...idea of running the poor on the lines of...company. Sir J. Child, one of the first... ------------ House of Lords Journal Volume 15 27 April 1695 Sponsor: History of Parliament Trust Publication: Journal of the House of Lords: volume 15 Year published: 1771 Re: East India Company and accounts. Sir Thomas Cooke, fatherin law of his eldest son is also involved.

Born: , , , England 1631 Baptised: St. Bartholemew Exchange, , , , England 27th Feb 1631
Died: 22nd Jun 1699Buried: Wanstead, Essex, , England 1699
Family:
Child

Titles:

Ancestors
[ Patrilineage | Matrilineage | Earliest Ancestors | Force | Force2 | Options ]

1.
Sir Josiah 
Child
(
Boate
,
Attwood
,
Barnard
) 1631 - 1699
2.
Richard 
Child
(
Roycroft
) 1611 - post 1639
3.
Elizabeth 
Roycroft
(
Child
) 1613 - post 1639

Siblings


1.
Anna 
Child
(
Hutchinson
) 1629 - 1680
2.
Samuel 
Child
* 1632
3.
Mary 
Child
* 1634
4.
Elizabeth 
Child
* 1636
5.
Richard 
Child
* 1637
6.
Mary 
Child
* 1639

Spouses



1. St. Thomas, Portsmouth, Hants., England 26th Dec 1654
Hannah 
Boate
(
Child
) + 1662
2. , , , England 14th Jul 1663
Mary 
Attwood
(
Stone
,
Child
) 1643 - post 1670
3. St. Botolph's, Billingsgate, , , , England 8th Aug 1676
Emma 
Barnard
(
Willoughby
,
Child
) 1644 - 1725

Descendants
[ Options ]

a.
Hannah 
Boate
(
Child
) + 1662
1.
Sir John 
Child
(
Shaxton
) c. 1654 - 1690
1a.
Mary 
Shaxton
  (Shackstone)
(
Child
) + post 1672
1.1.
John 
Child
+ 1718
1.2.
Sir Caesar 
Child
(
Evans
) + 1725 ...
2.
Josiah 
Child
1656 - ante 1668
3.
Elisabeth 
Child
(
Howland
) c. 1661 - post 1696
3a.
John 
Howland
(
Child
) c. 1651 - ante 1682
3.1.
Elizabeth 
Howland
(
Russell
) 1682 - 1724 ...
3.2.
U/? 
Howland
* ante 1698
b.
Mary 
Attwood
(
Stone
,
Child
) 1643 - post 1670
4.
Joseph 
Child
(
?
) 1663 - ante 1693
4a.
4.1.
F/? 
Child
* post 1693
4.2.
F/? 
Child
* post 1693
4.3.
F/? 
Child
* post 1693
4.4.
Elisabeth 
Child
(
Walsh
) + c. 1697 ...
5.
Sir Josiah 
Child
(
Cooke
) 1668 - 1704
6.
Rebecca 
Child
(
Somerset
,
Granville
) c. 1670 - 1712
6a.
Charles 
Somerset
(
Child
) 1660 - 1698
6.1.
Henry 
Somerset
(
Sackville
,
Noel
,
Osborne
) 1684 - 1714 ...
6.2.
Henrietta/Harriet Beaufort 
Somerset
(
FitzRoy
) 1690 - 1726 ...
7.
hidden
7a.
hidden
7.1.
hidden
7.2.
John 
Bullock
7.3.
Emma 
Bullock
7.4.
Mary 
Bullock
* 1694
7.5.
Josiah 
Bullock
(
Cooke
) post 1695 - 1752 ...
7.6.
Edward 
Bullock
* 1695
c.
Emma 
Barnard
(
Willoughby
,
Child
) 1644 - 1725
8.
Barnard 
Child
1677 - ante 1697
9.
Sir Richard 
Child
  (Tylney)
(
Glynne
) 1679 - 1750
9a.
Dorothy 
Glynne
(
Child
) 1680 - 1744
9.1.
Dorothy 
Child
9.2.
Sir John 
Child
  (Tylney)
1712 - 1784
9.3.
Richard 
Child
+ 1734
9.4.
Josiah 
Child
(
Knight
) + post 1754
9.5.
Emma 
Child
(
Long
) + 1758 ...
Sources

  • Family Archivists: see
    Child


Timeline


27th Feb 1631Baptised England
1631Born England
26th Dec 1654Married
Hannah 
Boate
(
Child
) + 1662 Portsmouth, Hants., England
14th Jul 1663Married
Mary 
Attwood
(
Stone
,
Child
) 1643 - post 1670 England
14th Jul 1663MARL/ROLE FIANCE
8th Aug 1676Married
Emma 
Barnard
(
Willoughby
,
Child
) 1644 - 1725 England
8th Aug 1676MARL/ROLE FIANCE
11th Apr 1678Became an heir of
Sir Henry 
Barnard
(
Charlton
) 1615 - 1680 (will)
18th Jul 1678
Sir Josiah 
Child
(
Boate
,
Attwood
,
Barnard
) 1631 - 1699 inherited the title
Child
  [Bt]
22nd Feb 1696Made a will (will)
22nd Jun 1699Died
1699Buried Wanstead, Essex, England
| Top |

Hosted by
HTML generated by
SoftLinks
, copyright © 1996 - 2017 Ben Laurie
Copyright © 1996 - 2017 Camilla von Massenbach