1612 - 1671
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Fairfax, of Nun Appleton, Yorks.. Known as "Black Tom". His tomb states he had two daughters, mary and Elizabeth. Other sources give a single daughter (Mary) only. Scottish general, educated at Saint John's College, University of Cambridge. He served in the Parliamentary army in Yorkshire during the English Revolution and in 1645 became its commander in chief, with Oliver Cromwell as his lieutenant general. Fairfax defeated a Royalist army under Prince Rupert at Naseby in 1645 and was nominal chief of the army party in the conflicts with the aristocratic Parliamentary group. In the second period of the English Revolution he successfully besieged Colchester in 1648. He presided at the trial of King [Missing XREF c-stuart63729] in 1649 but resigned because he believed that the death sentence had been predetermined. He resigned his military command in 1650 because he did not wish to participate in the projected invasion of Scotland. In 1659 he came out of retirement to take arms against the army party, and led the commission that visited King [Missing XREF c-stuart63726] at The Hague to ask the exiled monarch to return from the Continent and ascend the throne.
|Born: Denton, Yorkshire 17th Jan 1612 ||Baptised: |
|Died: Nun Appleton, Yorkshire, , 12th Nov 1671 ||Buried: Parish Church, Bilborough, Yorkshire, England 1671 |
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