Hyde, English statesman and historian, educated at the University of Oxford. Hyde practiced law and, in 1640, entered Parliament. In 1645 he represented Charles I, king of England, in an unsuccessful attempt to end the first English Civil War. The following year Hyde became adviser to the future king Charles II and went into exile with him until the restoration of the monarchy in 1660. He served as lord chancellor from 1660 to 1667, giving his name to the Clarendon Code, which imposed restrictions on religious dissenters. He was dismissed from office after his negotiation of the unpopular Treaty of Breda, which concluded the Second Anglo-Dutch War. Clarendon then left for France, where he spent the rest of his life writing. His posthumously published History of the Rebellion (3 vol., 1702-4) is the best contemporary account of the English civil wars.
|Born: Dinton, England 16th Feb 1608 ||Baptised: |
|Died: Rouen, , , 9th Dec 1675 ||Buried: |
- Family Archivists: see
- Funk and Wagnall's Encylopaedia, CD Rom version. Alumni Oxoniensis: Hyde (Sir) Edward, s. Henry, of Dinton, Wilts, gent. Magdalen Hall, matric. 31 Jan., 1622-3, aged 14; B.A. 14 Feb., 1625-6; born Dinton 16 Feb., 1608; bar.-at-law, Middle Temple, 1633; keeper of the writs and rolls of common pleas 1634; M.P. Wooton Bassett April-May 1640, Saltash 1640 (L.P.), till disabled 11 Aug., 1642; chancellor of excehquer 1643-60; P.C. 1643, knighted 22 Feb., 1643, created Baron Hyde 1660, and earl of Clarendon 1661, chancellor of the university 1660-7, and high steward of Cambridge 1660, chancellor of England 1658 in exile (till 1667); died at Rouen 9 Dec., 1675; father of Henry 1661, and James 1675, Laurence 1661, and Edward 1660; see ath. iii. 1018; Rawl. i. 105; Bloxam v. 84n; Foster's Judges and Barristers; London Marriage Licences, ed. Foster; & D.N.B.